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Golden Lion Tamarin

Golden Lion Tamarin

Animal's Behavior

They live in family groups consisting of the breeding pair and their offspring. The father is the primary caregiver; older offspring assist in raising the new infants. They sleep in tree hollows and within dense tangled vines in a family unit as a means of protection from predators and to conserve body heat.

Eating Habits

Golden lion tamarins are true omnivores, feeding on fruits, vegetation, insects, small invertebrates, bird’s eggs, small reptiles and low concentrations of fruit.


Coastal rainforest of southeastern Brazil (Mata Atlantica). Estimates are that less than 2% of the original rainforests remain and the current range consists of protected rainforests, reserves and preserves.

Conservation Efforts

Golden lion tamarins are no longer being reintroduced into the wild. The reintroduction process was very successful; however, with habitat loss the remaining forest fragments have reached carrying capacity. Current conservation efforts are concentrated on public education, planting corridors to connect fragmented forest areas and eco-tourism. The last census of wild population estimates 1,700 in the wild and just under 500 held in captivity in zoos worldwide.

Animal Facts

  • Golden lion tamarins don’t sleep in the same spot two nights in a row.
  • They like to sleep in hollow trees or dense vines as much as 50 feet off the ground.

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Quick Facts

Scientific Name

Leontopithecus rosalia


Animalia, Chordata, Mammalia, Primates, Callitrichidae

Place of Birth

Brazilian coastal forests


10 inches tall, weighing less than 2 pounds


An unmistakable orange or red


10-12 years in the wild; 20 years in captivity

Conservation Status


Where to See

Audubon Zoo

Mailing address: Audubon Nature Institute 6500 Magazine St. New Orleans, LA 70118
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