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Sumatran Orangutan

Sumatran OrangutanSumatran Orangutan
Sumatran Orangutan

Animal's Behavior

Orangutan means “person of the forest” in Malayan. Known in zoos and in the wild as intelligent tool users, the Sumatran orangutan is one of two species of orangutan. With short legs and long arms, they are well adapted to life high up in the trees.

Eating Habits

Fruit, berries, bird eggs, small bugs.


The northern provinces of Sumatra

Conservation Efforts

Protected in most areas and carefully bred in zoos to maintain genetics, there are thought to be about 7,000 Sumatran orangutans in the wild. The Sumatran orangutan is considered one of the world’s 25 most endangered primates.

Animal Facts

  • These intelligent creatures have been observed using twigs as tools and large leaves as protection from the rain.
  • Scientists have taught them how to communicate using sign-language and how to use the computer touch screen.
  • They share more than 96% of our own human DNA.

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Quick Facts

Scientific Name

Pongo abelii


Animalia, Chordata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae, Ponginae

Place of Birth

Island of Sumatra


4.5 feet tall, up to 200 pounds


Reddish orange or brown


50 years

Conservation Status

Critically Endangered

Where to See

Audubon Zoo

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